Tag Archives: stars

TEDx: Donna Cox – Visualizing Emergence

Donna is the first Michael Aiken Chair, Director of the Advanced Visualization Laboratory (AVL) at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, and Director of the Emerging Digital Research and Education in Arts Media (eDream) Institute. She is a recognized pioneer in Renaissance Teams and digital supercomputer visualizations called Visaphors. She and collaborators have thrilled millions with cinematic virtual tours through astrophysics, tornados, hurricanes, and other science domains to support story-telling through digital Visaphors in digital museum exhibits, high-definition television, and IMAX movies. She’s been nominated for Academy Award 1996 and the Chicago Museum of Science and Industry selected Donna Cox as one of 40 modern Leonardo Da Vinci’s.

Artist and visualization expert Donna Cox talks about the power of “visiphors” — powerful renderings of complex systems which make the previously unknowable explainable.

Science Shorts 20100607

Gravity-like theories give insight into the strong force (PhysOrg)
A new computation of the constant that describes the strength of the force between the quarks in a proton may help theorists tackle one of the most challenging problems of physics: analytically solving the theory of QCD and determining its coupling strength at large distances.

The image shows Bicolor cleaner fish cleaning inside the gills of Monocle Bream. Copyright Joseph Fenton.Cleaner fish respond to the shadow of the future (w/ Video, PhysOrg) >
Tropical fish alter their behaviour with an eye to the future, researchers at Cambridge have found. This is the first time such behaviour has been seen in any animals except humans.

Parkinson’s drug offers insight into helping cocaine users kick habit (PhysOrg)
Medication that increases levels of the brain chemical dopamine could open up new ways for helping some heavy users of cocaine and amphetamines kick the habit, researchers from Cambridge have found.

Follow the (Robotic) Leader (w/ Video, PhysOrg)
Artificial intelligence? Done. Artificial leadership? Its origins may well be in the fish tanks and the algorithms in Maurizio Porfiri`s Brooklyn laboratories at Polytechnic Institute of New York University (NYU-Poly). Here the assistant professor of mechanical engineering, best known for modeling advanced smart materials, is using those materials, plus a lot of mathematics and his love for animals and science fiction, to build robots that lead schooling fish.

Survey reveals many thousands of supermassive black holes (PhysOrg)
An international team of scientists, led by Penn State Distinguished Professor Donald Schneider, has announced its completion of a massive census in which they identified the quasars in one quarter of the sky.

Continue reading Science Shorts 20100607

Science Shorts 20100520

scienceHubble Finds Star Eating a Planet
The hottest known planet in the Milky Way galaxy may also be its shortest-lived world. The doomed planet is being eaten by its parent star, according to observations made by a new instrument on NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS). The planet may only have another 10 million years left before it is completely devoured.

Evolution of whale size linked to diet
The wide range of body sizes among whales arose early in their evolution and was associated with changes in diet, according to a new study by researchers at UC Davis and UCLA. The study appears in today’s (May 20) issue of the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

The sound of seduction
Flirtation may seem largely visual — the preening, the coy eye contact — but voice plays a role, too.

First ‘synthetic life’: Scientists ‘boot up’ a bacterial cell with a synthetic genome
Scientists have developed the first cell controlled by a synthetic genome. They now hope to use this method to probe the basic machinery of life and to engineer bacteria specially designed to solve environmental or energy problems.

Brightest galaxies tend to cluster in busiest parts of universe, study finds
For more than a decade, astronomers have been puzzled by bright galaxies in the distant universe that appear to be forming stars at phenomenal rates. What prompted the prolific star creation, they wondered. And what kind of spatial environment did these galaxies inhabit?

Probing the dark side of the universe
Advancing into the next frontier in astrophysics and cosmology depends on our ability to detect the presence of a particular type of wave in space, a primordial gravitational wave. Much like ripples moving across a pond, these waves stretch the fabric of space itself as they pass by. If detected, these weak and elusive waves could provide an unprecedented view of the earliest moments of our universe. In an article appearing in the May 21 issue of Science, Arizona State University theoretical physicist and cosmologist Lawrence Krauss and researchers from the University of Chicago and Fermi national Laboratory explore the most likely detection method of these waves, with the examination of cosmic microwave radiation (CMB) standing out as the favored method.

Physicists prove Einstein wrong with observation of instantaneous velocity in Brownian particles
A century after Albert Einstein said we would never be able to observe the instantaneous velocity of tiny particles as they randomly shake and shimmy, so called Brownian motion, physicist Mark Raizen and his group have done so.

What makes music sound so sweet (or not)
Ever since ancient times, scholars have puzzled over the reasons that some musical note combinations sound so sweet while others are just downright dreadful. The Greeks believed that simple ratios in the string lengths of musical instruments were the key, maintaining that the precise mathematical relationships endowed certain chords with a special, even divine, quality. Twentieth-century composers, on the other hand, have leaned toward the notion that musical tastes are really all in what you are used to hearing.

Researchers publish first genomic collection of human microbes
The Human Microbiome Project (HMP) today published an analysis of 178 genomes from microbes that live in or on the human body. The researchers discovered novel genes and proteins that serve functions in human health and disease, adding a new level of understanding to what is known about the complexity and diversity of these organisms.

Researchers identify genes and brain centers that regulate meal size in flies
Biologists from the California Institute of Technology and Yale University have identified two genes, the leucokinin neuropeptide and the leucokinin receptor, that appear to regulate meal sizes and frequency in fruit flies. Both genes have mammalian counterparts that seem to play a similar role in food intake, indicating that the steps that control meal size and meal frequency are not just behaviorally similar but are controlled by the same genes throughout the animal kingdom.